What is Hyper-Pigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition that consists of small or large patches of skin that have become darker compared to the healthy surrounding skin. This is usually caused by sun damage, acne, inflammation, or an excess of melanin (the brown pigment that is known for producing normal skin color), which forms and deposits in the skin, resulting in darkened areas.
How Can You Treat Hyper-Pigmentation?
Even though hyperpigmentation is a harmless skin condition, many people wish to treat it to improve the appearance of their skin. There are several treatment options available, and some home remedies that you can try to treat it effectively. Some simple yet effective steps you can take to prevent developing hyperpigmentation or to stop it from becoming more prominent are:
- Try to avoid exposure to the sun when possible.
- Always use an SPF of 30 or higher to protect your skin at all times and prevent your hyperpigmentation from becoming darker.
- Don’t pick at your skin. Hyperpigmentation can often develop after an injury, so you must avoid picking any scabs, spots, or acne you may have to prevent it from developing.
Types of Treatments to Try
If you have hyperpigmentation and you are hoping to improve its appearance by lightening the dark patches of skin, try one of the following treatments:
- Topical creams –topical creams are a common way to treat hyperpigmentation as they contain ingredients that work to lighten the skin such as vitamin C, azelaic acid, corticosteroids, retinoids, and kojic acid.
- Cosmetic procedures – there are several targeted skin treatments and cosmetic procedures that are tailored for people with hyperpigmentation that are looking to improve their skin. These include chemical peels, microdermabrasion, laser therapy, and intense pulsed light. You should consider booking a consultation with a dermatologist or cosmetic specialist to discuss different treatments available and which is best suited to your skin type.